Alaska Bankruptcy Laws
Complete exemption laws which protect a debtor’s property when personal bankruptcy is filed in the state of Alaska.
8 AAC 95.030. Adjusted exemption amounts
(a) Notwithstanding the amount provided for a homestead exemption under AS 09.38.010 (a) and (b), the amount of the homestead exemption under AS 09.38.010 (a) and (b) is $70,200.
(b) Notwithstanding the exemption amount provided for personal property under AS 09.38.020 , the
(1) aggregate exemption for personal property set out in AS 09.38.020 (a) is $3,900;
(2) exemption for jewelry set out in AS 09.38.020 (b) is $1,300;
(3) exemption for implements, professional books, and tools of the trade set out in AS 09.38.020 (c) is $3,640;
(4) exemption for pets set out in AS 09.38.020 (d) is $1,300;
(5) exemption for a motor vehicle set out in AS 09.38.020 (e) is $3,900; and
(6) value limitation for the motor vehicle set out in AS 09.38.020 (e) is $26,000.
(c) Notwithstanding the exemption amount provided for accrued dividends and loan values on life insurance and annuity contracts under AS 09.38.025 (a), the amount of the exemption under AS 09.38.025 (a) is $13,000.
(d) Notwithstanding the exemption amounts provided for earnings and liquid assets under AS 09.38.030 , the exemption for
(1) weekly net earnings set out in AS 09.38.030 (a) is $456; and
(2) cash and other liquid assets set out in AS 09.38.030 (b) is $1,820.
(e) Notwithstanding the exemption amounts provided for weekly disposable earnings and cash and other liquid assets under AS 09.38.050 (b), the
(1) exemption for weekly disposable earnings set out in AS 09.38.050 (b) is $716; and
(2) maximum monthly exemption for cash and other liquid assets set out in AS 09.38.050 (b) is $2,860.
§ 09.38.010. Alaska Homestead exemption
(a) An individual is entitled to an exemption as a homestead of the individual’s interest in property in this state used as the principal residence of the individual or the dependents of the individual, but the value of the homestead exemption may not exceed $54,000.
(b) If property owned by the entirety or in common is used by one or more individual owners or their dependents as their principal residence, each owner is entitled to a homestead exemption of that owner’s interest in the property as provided in (a) of this section. The aggregate value of multiple homestead exemptions allowable with respect to a single living unit may not exceed $54,000. If there are multiple owners of property exempt as a homestead, the value of the exemption of each individual owner may not exceed the individual owner’s pro rata portion of $54,000.
(c) If property that includes a homestead is sold under an execution, the sale becomes effective upon confirmation by order of the court. The court shall enter the order of confirmation unless, within 60 days after the sale, the individual repurchases the property under this section or the court extends the time for confirmation upon the filing of a timely motion by a party in interest. The individual may repurchase property, including that individual’s homestead, at a sale on execution before confirmation by paying into court the costs of the sale plus the lesser of either (1) the difference between the highest bid and the amount of the exemption in the property, or (2) the amount of the creditor’s claim. If the individual does not exercise the repurchase right under this subsection, the clerk of the court shall first remit an amount determined to be exempt to the individual from the proceeds of sale and the balance less the cost of the sale to the creditor. For the purpose of collecting an amount remaining unpaid on a judgment after repurchase of property by an individual under this subsection, the creditor or the creditor’s assignee may not make another levy on the property repurchased.
d) Upon entry of the order of confirmation under (c) of this section and expiration of the time period for repurchase, the clerk may execute a deed to the property and when delivered it shall be sufficient to convey all title of the individual in the premises sold to the purchaser at the sale.
§ 09.38.015. Property exempt without limitation
(a) An individual is entitled to exemption of the following property:
(1) a burial plot for the individual and the individual’s family;
(2) health aids reasonably necessary to enable the individual or a dependent to work or to sustain health;
(3) benefits paid or payable for medical, surgical, or hospital care to the extent they are or will be used to pay for the care;
(4) an award under AS 18.67 (Violent Crimes Compensation Board) or a crime victim’s reparations act of another jurisdiction;
(5) benefits paid or payable as a longevity bonus under AS 47.45;
(6) compensation or benefits paid or payable and exempt under federal law;
(7) liquor licenses granted under AS 04;
(8) tuition credit or savings accounts under a higher education savings account established under AS 14.40.802 or an advance college tuition savings contract authorized under AS 14.40.809(a);
(9) a permanent fund dividend to the extent allowed under AS 43.23.065;
(10) [Repealed, § 4 ch 89 SLA 2005].
(11) benefits paid or payable under AS 47.45.301 – 47.45.309.
(b) The right to benefits held by the state on behalf of an individual that may become payable by reason of disability, unemployment, or illness, amounts held in the teachers’, judicial, or public employees’ retirement system, or in the elected public officers’ retirement system under former AS 39.37, and child support collections made by the child support services agency are exempt.
(c) Property of the state, a municipality, and of the Alaska Municipal Bond Bank Authority or another state public corporation is exempt.
(d) Real property held by a cemetery association established under AS 10.30 for the purpose of a cemetery and not exceeding 80 acres is exempt.
(e) Money held in an escrow account under AS 06.60.360 is exempt.
§ 09.38.017. Exemption of retirement plan interests and payments
(a) In addition to the exemption under AS 09.38.015(b), the following are exempt from a claim of an individual’s creditor:
(1) the interest of the individual in a retirement plan; and
(2) the money or other assets payable to the individual from a retirement plan.
(b) The exemptions provided by (a) of this section do not apply to a contribution made by an individual to a retirement plan within 120 days before the individual files for bankruptcy.
(c) The exemptions provided by (a) of this section do not prevent the payment of benefits under a retirement plan to an alternate payee under a qualified domestic relations order. In this subsection, “qualified domestic relations order” has the meaning given in 26 U.S.C. 414(p).
(d) A retirement plan exempt from claims under (a) of this section is conclusively presumed to be a spendthrift trust under this section.
(e) In this section,
(1) “alternate payee” has the meaning given in 26 U.S.C. 414(p)(8);
(2) “individual” means an individual who is a participant in, a beneficiary of, or an alternate payee of a retirement plan;
(3) “retirement plan” means a retirement plan that is qualified under 26 U.S.C. 401(a), 26 U.S.C. 403(a), 26 U.S.C. 403(b), 26 U.S.C. 408, 26 U.S.C. 408A, or 26 U.S.C. 409 (Internal Revenue Code).
§ 09.38.020. Exemptions of personal property subject to value limitations
(a) An individual is entitled to an exemption in property not to exceed an aggregate value of $3,000 chosen by the individual from the following categories of property:
(1) household goods and wearing apparel reasonably necessary for one household;
(2) if reasonably held for the personal use of the individual or a dependent, books and musical instruments; and
(3) family portraits and heirlooms of particular sentimental value to the individual.
(b) An individual is entitled to exemption of jewelry, not exceeding $1,000 in aggregate value, if held for the personal use of the individual or a dependent.
(c) An individual is entitled to exemption, not exceeding $2,800 in aggregate value, of implements, professional books, and tools of the trade.
(d) An individual is entitled to the exemption of pets to the extent of a value not exceeding $1,000.
(e) An individual is entitled to an exemption of one motor vehicle to the extent of a value not exceeding $3,000 if the full value of the motor vehicle does not exceed $20,000.
§ 09.38.025. Exemption of unmatured life insurance and annuity contracts
(a) Except as provided in this section or AS 09.38.017, an individual is entitled to exemption of unmatured life insurance and annuity contracts owned by the individual. If the contracts have accrued dividends and loan values available to the individual aggregating more than $10,000, a creditor may obtain a court order requiring the individual debtor to pay the creditor, and authorizing the creditor on the debtor’s behalf to obtain payment of, the amount of the accrued dividends and loan values in excess of $10,000 or the amount of the creditor’s claim, whichever is less.
(b) A judgment creditor or other claimant of an insurer may not levy upon any of the assets or securities held in this state as a deposit for the protection of the insurer’s policyholders or policyholders and creditors. Deposits under AS 21.09.270 may be levied upon if provided in the order of the director of insurance, Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, under which the deposit is made.
§ 09.38.030. Exemption of earnings and liquid assets
(a) Except as provided in (b), (c), (f), and (h) of this section and AS 09.38.050, an individual debtor is entitled to an exemption of the individual debtor’s weekly net earnings not to exceed $350. The weekly net earnings of an individual are determined by subtracting from the weekly gross earnings all sums required by law or court order to be withheld. The weekly net earnings of an individual paid on a monthly basis are determined by subtracting from the monthly gross earnings of the individual all sums required by law or court order to be withheld and dividing the remainder by 4.3. The weekly net earnings of an individual paid on a semi-monthly basis are determined by subtracting from the semi-monthly gross earnings all sums required by law or court order to be withheld and dividing the remainder by 2.17.
(b) An individual who does not receive earnings either weekly, semi-monthly, or monthly is entitled to a maximum exemption for the aggregate value of cash and other liquid assets available in any month of $1,400, except as provided in (f) and (h) of this section and in AS 09.38.050. The term “liquid assets” includes deposits, securities, notes, drafts, accrued vacation pay, refunds, prepayments, and receivables, but does not include permanent fund dividends before or after receipt by the individual.
(c) A creditor may levy upon earnings exempt under (a) and (b) of this section if the creditor’s claim is
(1) enforceable against exempt property under AS 09.38.065(a)(1) or (3); or
(2) enforceable under an order of a court of bankruptcy under 11 U.S.C. 1301 – 1330 (Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978).
(d) If the individual debtor is a nonresident, the limitations on garnishment imposed under 15 U.S.C. 1673 apply.(e) The following property, unless exempt without limitation under AS 09.38.015 or 09.38.017, upon receipt by and while it is in the possession of the individual, shall be treated as earnings, income, cash, or other liquid assets under this section:
(1) benefits paid by reason of disability, illness, or unemployment;
(2) money or property received for alimony or separate maintenance;
(3) proceeds of insurance, a judgment, or a settlement, or other rights accruing as a result of bodily injury of the individual or of the wrongful death or bodily injury of another individual of whom the individual was or is a dependent;
(4) proceeds or benefits paid or payable on the death of an insured, if the individual was the spouse or a dependent of the insured; and
(5) amounts paid under a stock bonus, pension, profit-sharing, annuity, or similar plan or contract, providing benefits by reason of age, illness, disability, or length of service.
(f) The state may execute on a judgment awarded to the state or on a judgment of restitution on behalf of a victim of a crime or a delinquent act, and an officer or agent of the state or a state employee, or a former officer, agent, or employee of the state may execute on a judgment to that person against a party to an action who is incarcerated for a criminal conviction by sending a notice of levy to the correctional facility in which the person is incarcerated. All money in an incarcerated person’s account at a correctional facility is available for disbursement under a notice of levy under this subsection, in the following order of priority:
(1) to support the dependents of the incarcerated person and to provide child support payments as required by AS 25.27;
(2) to satisfy restitution or fines ordered by a court to be paid by the incarcerated person;
(3) to pay a civil judgment entered against the incarcerated person as a result of that person’s criminal conduct;
(4) to reimburse the state for an award made for violent crimes compensation under AS 18.67 as a result of the incarcerated person’s criminal conduct;
(5) to satisfy other judgments entered against a prisoner in litigation against the state; in this paragraph, “litigation against the state” has the meaning given in AS 09.19.100.
(g) A creditor may levy upon earnings or liquid assets exempt under (a) or (b) of this section if the money is held outside a correctional facility and the claim is for court-ordered restitution to be paid by a prisoner to the creditor under a judgment for conviction of a crime or an adjudication of delinquency.
(h) In this section,
(1) “correctional facility” has the meaning given in AS 33.30.901;
(2) “official detention” has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900(b);
(3) “prisoner” means a person held under the authority of state or municipal law in official detention.
(1) a burial plot for the individual and the individual’s family;
§ 09.38.050. Increased exemption amount
(a) An individual debtor who is in possession of money that was obtained as payment for an injury or disability may request the court to order an increase in the exemption amounts under AS 09.38.030. The individual debtor shall submit affidavits or offer testimony in support of the request as required by the court. The court shall determine the exemption amount after consideration of the individual’s responsibilities and all the present and anticipated property and income of the individual, including that which is exempt.
(b) The exemption amounts under AS 09.38.030 may be increased when the individual submits an affidavit, under penalty of perjury, stating that the individual’s earnings alone support the individual’s household; by so doing, the maximum part of the individual’s aggregate disposable earnings for any week subject to execution may not exceed the amount by which the individual’s disposable earnings for that week exceed $550, or, if the individual is claiming an exemption for cash or other liquid assets under AS 09.38.030(b), a maximum amount of $2,200 available in a month is exempt.
§ 09.38.055. Bankruptcy proceedings
In a proceeding under 11 U.S.C. (Bankruptcy) only the exemptions under AS 09.38.010, 09.38.015(a), 09.38.017, 09.38.020, 09.38.025 and 09.38.030 apply.
§ 09.38.060. Tracing exempt property
(a) If property, or a part of it, that could have been claimed as an exempt homestead under AS 09.38.010, a burial plot under AS 09.38.015(a)(1), a health aid under AS 09.38.015(a)(2), or personal property subject to a value limitation under AS 09.38.020(a)(1), or (2) or 09.38.020(c), has been taken or sold by condemnation, or has been lost, damaged, or destroyed and the owner has been indemnified for it, the individual is entitled to an exemption of proceeds that are traceable for 12 months after the proceeds are received. An individual is entitled to an exemption of proceeds from the voluntary sale of an exempt homestead under AS 09.38.010 that are traceable for six months after the proceeds are received. The exemption of proceeds under this subsection does not entitle the individual to claim an aggregate exemption in excess of the value limitation otherwise allowable under AS 09.38.010 or 09.38.020. (b) Money or other property and proceeds exempt under this chapter are traceable under this section by application of the principle of first-in first-out, last-in first-out, or any other reasonable basis for tracing selected by the individual claiming the exemption.
§ 09.38.100. Debtor’s property owned with another
(a) If an individual and another own property in this state as tenants in common or tenants by the entirety, a creditor of the individual, subject to the individual’s right to claim an exemption under this chapter, may obtain a levy on and sale of the interest of the individual in the property. A creditor who has obtained a levy, or a purchaser who has purchased the individual’s interest at the sale, may have the property partitioned or the individual’s interest severed.
(b) A partner’s right in specific partnership property is exempt except on a claim against the partnership. If partnership property is attached for a partnership debt, the partners or any of them or the representatives of a deceased partner may not claim an exemption for that property under this chapter.
§ 21.84.240. Benefits not attachable (Fraternal benefit society benefits)
Money or other benefit, charity, relief, or aid to be paid, provided, or rendered by a society is not liable to attachment, garnishment, or other process, or to be seized, taken, appropriated, or applied by a legal or equitable process or operation of law to pay a debt or liability of a member or beneficiary, or any other person who may have a right, either before or after payment by the society.
§ 23.30.160. Assignment and exemption of claims (Workers’ Compensation)
(a) An assignment, release, or commutation of compensation or benefits due or payable under this chapter, except as provided by this chapter, is not valid.
(b) Benefits payable under this chapter are exempt from levy to enforce the collection of a debt as provided in AS 09.38 (exemptions). This exemption may not be waived.
§ 34.35.105. Material not subject to process
When a mechanic, artisan, machinist, builder, lumber merchant, contractor, laborer, or other person furnishes or procures materials for use in the construction, alteration, or repair of a building or other improvement, the materials are not subject to attachment, execution, or other legal process to enforce a debt due by the purchaser of the materials except a debt due for the purchase money thereof, so long as the materials have been or are about to be applied in good faith to the construction, alteration, or repair of the building or other improvement.
§ 43.23.065. Exemption of and levy on permanent fund dividends
(a) Except as provided in (b) of this section, 20 percent of the annual permanent fund dividend payable to an individual is exempt from levy, execution, garnishment, attachment, or any other remedy for the collection of debt. No other exemption applies to a dividend. Notwithstanding other laws, a writ of execution upon a dividend that has not been delivered to the debtor may be served on the commissioner by
(1) certified mail, return receipt requested; or
(2) a civilian process server licensed by the commissioner of public safety using electronic execution procedures, as provided under regulations adopted by the department.
(b) An exemption is not available under this section for permanent fund dividends taken to satisfy
(1) child support obligations required by court order or decision of the child support services agency under AS 25.27.140 – 25.27.220;
(2) court ordered restitution under AS 12.55.045 – 12.55.051, 12.55.100, or AS 47.12.120(b)(4);
(3) claims on defaulted education loans under AS 43.23.067;
(4) court ordered fines;
(5) writs of execution under AS 09.35 of a judgment that is entered
(A) against a minor in a civil action to recover damages and court costs;
(B) under AS 09.65.255 against the parent, parents, or legal guardian of an unemancipated minor;
(6) a debt owed by an eligible individual to an agency of the state, including the University of Alaska, unless the debt is contested and an appeal is pending, or the time limit for filing an appeal has not expired;
(7) a debt owed to a person for a program for the rehabilitation of perpetrators of domestic violence required under AS 12.55.101, AS 18.66.100(c)(15), AS 25.20.061(3), or AS 33.16.150(f)(2).
(c) Claims listed in (b) of this section have priority in the order listed over other claims on a permanent fund dividend whether payments are sought through legal actions for the collection of debts or through assignments from the debtor.
(d) An assignment of or levy, execution, garnishment, attachment, or other remedy for the collection of debt applied to a dividend for a year may not be accepted by the department before April 1 of that same year. AS 09.38.080(c) and 09.38.085 do not apply to a levy on a permanent fund dividend. Upon receipt of a writ of execution under (a) of this section or another court order, the commissioner shall deliver to the court that portion of the dividend executed upon along with the case name and number. At the time payment is made to the court, the department shall send to the individual at the address provided in the individual’s dividend application and to the court that issued the writ or order a notice that contains
(1) notification that all or part of the individual’s dividend has been seized under a writ of execution or court order;
(2) the name and address of the court that issued the writ or order;
(3) the case number for which the writ or order was issued;
(4) the amount seized under the writ or order; and
(5) notification that the individual has 30 days from the date the notice is mailed in which to file with the court an objection to the seizure if a mistake has been made.
§ 47.25.210. Alienation and attachment (General Relief Assistance)
Assistance granted under AS 47.25.120 – 47.25.300 is inalienable by assignment or transfer and is exempt from garnishment, levy, or execution as provided in AS 09.38 (exemptions).
§ 47.25.550. Alienation and attachment (Adult Public Assistance for Elderly, Blind, Disabled)
Assistance granted under AS 47.25.430 – 47.25.615 is inalienable by an assignment or transfer and is exempt from garnishment, levy, or execution as provided in AS 09.38 (exemptions).
Note: While this reference information is current as of August 2010, it may not reflect the most up-to-date exemption figures on official state of Alaska bankruptcy court statutes.